When we initially read the title of a recent book from ASCD and ISTE, we were dumbfounded. What does “Flip Your Classroom” mean? Could it be a step by step guide on how to perform David Copperfield’s new illusion? Frankly, is it even logistically possible to flip a classroom?

We quickly discovered that the “Flip Your Classroom” title is really a misnomer. Then what is it?
Here’s how it works. In many traditional secondary school classrooms, content is delivered by teachers during the school day. Content is then reinforced through homework assignments designed to apply content presented in school.   
In the flipped classroom, content is delivered to students at home primarily through technology (for example, teacher created videos or podcasts). The subsequent classroom time is then redesigned to focus on application of this content.
Let’s listen and watch a fifth year math teacher describe how she uses the flipped classroom concept and why she uses it.
Once you understand and embrace the “flipped classroom” model, Jonathan Bergmann’s and Aaron Sams’ book is your indispensable guide for implementation. “We purposely kept this book short, hoping you will read it in one sitting, or at most over a weekend. It is organized quite simply: first the flipped classroom, then the flipped-mastery model, and finally a section with the FAQs and concluding thoughts. We answer the questions of what, why, and how to implement each model. Also interspersed throughout the book are anecdotes and quotes from other educators across the globe that have in some fashion flipped their classrooms.”
We agree. Yes, this compact, inexpensive book can be digested quickly and your classroom can be “flipped” in a short period of time.
Here’s why we recommend this book to secondary school teachers.
·         This book shatters the conventional wisdom about the purpose of homework. For centuries in American Education, homework has served to primarily reinforce concepts presented in class, many times through monotonous rote repetition or memorization. (In some cases, homework has also been assigned to placate overzealous parents.) In the flipped classroom model, students learn “new”content at home. Classroom time then becomes quality time for high level applications, with teachers serving as facilitators of learning.
·         The Flip Your Classroom model is easily implementable. It requires virtually no additional financial expenditures. Instead, it takes the will of teachers.
·          The model exploits what learners know best and use most: technology.
·         The model supports life-long learning. Upon graduation, students will have experienced the educational value of technology.
·         It meaningfully infuses technology into teachers’ instructional activities. In the “flipped classroom”, technology is not tangential. Instead, technology is essential to student learning.
·         Although the authors focus on self-made content-specific technology modules for homework, many are already available online in a broad array of academic disciplines. The Kahn Academy (, for example, is one of these quality resources.
·         Learners can personalize their learning experiences in this model. They can, for example, replay particular segments from the instructional modules available via technology. Learners can also work at their own pace, without peer pressure.
·         Although research data conclusively confirming the impact of the model on student achievement is currently unavailable, anecdotal stories (included in the book) are highly optimistic.
15 Reasons Why You Should Adopt The Flipped-Mastery Model (Bergmann and Sams)
The Flipped-Mastery Model:
1.    Teaches students to take responsibility for their own learning.
2.    Creates a way to easily personalize and differentiate the classroom.
3.    Makes learning the center of the classroom.
4.    Gives students instant feedback and reduces teacher paperwork.
5.    Provides opportunities for remediation.
6.    Allows for multiple means of learning content.
7.    Provides multiple changes for demonstrating understanding.
8.    Changes the role of the teacher.
9.    Teaches students the value of learning instead of “playing school”.
10. Is easily reproducible, scalable, and customizable.
11. Increases face-to-face time with the teacher.
12. Ensures that all students are involved.
13. Makes hands-on activities more personal.
14. Makes teacher-led demonstrations more engaging.
15. Helps teachers help kids.
Flip Your Classroom is your step-by-step guide on how to make your precious instructional time more efficient and purposeful.
For anyone interested in learning more about flipping their classroom, Jon and Aaron have provided a book that helps answer both the why and the how-to. They will help you decide whether you want to flip your classroom (not everyone will). And, if you do decide to flip, they will save you (and your students) countless hours. Not that it will be easy – teaching never is. However, the book quickly gets you up to speed on the potential and the pitfall of the flipped approach.            
Karl Fisch (from the book’s Forward)
F l i p   Y o u r   C l a s s r o o m
Reach Every Student in Every Class Every Day
Jonathan Bergmann and Aaron Sams
2 0 1 2
I S T E / A S C D
Hoboken, NJ

Dr. David Freitas has served in a number of leadership positions throughout his career including College Dean at three Universities, Tenured University Professor, University Vice Provost, Public School Teacher/Administrator, State of Illinois Teacher Certification Board Member, State Department of Education Official, and Elected City School Board Member. He is a frequent national and international presenter and author.
Janet Buckenmeyer, Ph.D., a former elementary school teacher, is currently a tenured Associate Professor and Chair of the Masters of Instructional Technology Program at Purdue University Calumet. She has published and presented nationally and internationally on various topics, with a primary focus on instructional technology and design.
Dr. Emily Hixon is a tenured, Associate Professor of Educational Psychology and Instructional Technology at Purdue University Calumet. Her research projects have focused on the effective integration of technology at both the K-12 and higher education levels.



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